Military History

The Cove's Military History Lockdown Quiz - Answers and Winners

By The Cove August 30, 2021

Thank you to all those who submitted responses to The Cove's Military History Lockdown Quiz. We hope you enjoyed this short challenge by testing your knowledge and encouraged you to research what you didn't know. Click on the links if you want to know more about each of these special events in Australia's military history. 

The winners are:

  1. Private Sarah Wardlaw from the 2nd General Health Battalion
  2. Lieutenant Pamela Truscott from the 13th Combat Service Support Battalion
  3. Mr Paul Langtry.

Answers to the quiz questions are listed below:

1.  When and why were Harry "Breaker" Morant and Peter Handcock court martialled?

1902 - Convicted of murdering 12 Boer prisoners

2.  Which campaign was the Battle of Lone Pine part of?


3.  In which city did Japan's first air raid on Australia take place in World War II?

Darwin, Northern Territory

4.  How many km long is the Kokoda Track?

96km during WW2 but is now 165km

5.  What year did the Battle of Long Tan take place?


6.  At what precise minute and date is the official time the ANZACs landed at ANZAC Cove?

0423h on Sunday 25 April 1915

7.  At what precise minute and day did World War 1 end?

1100h on 11 November 1918

8.  Who is the most recent recipient of the Victoria Cross?

Edward ‘Teddy’ Sheean VC (On 1 December 2020 he was posthumously awarded the VC, 78 years to the day after his brave act)

9.  Who was the first Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross?

Captain Sir Neville Howse, VC, KCMG, CB, KStJ, during the Boer War

10. In what year was conscription first introduced into Australia and how many times before had it failed to be introduced? 

Official answer: 19 Feb 1943 and two failed referendums

Technically conscription was first introduced by ‘The Defence Act. 1903’ for the defence of Australia (but not for overseas deployments). In 1911 it was implemented to provide part-time training to all 18-year olds. In 1916 and 1917, two referendums for service overseas were defeated. The requirement for all 18-year olds to have basic military training was abolished in 1929.
In 1939, when Australia entered World War 2, all unmarried men aged 21 were to be called up for three months' military training. These men could serve only in Australia or its territories. Conscription for overseas service was effectively introduced in mid-1942, when all men aged 18–35, and single men aged 35–45, were required to join the Citizen Military Forces (CMF) {Army Reserve}.

11.  What year did the slouch hat become standard official dress?


12.  To the nearest hundred thousand, how many Australians served in the armed forces during WWII?

1 Million

13.  Which sport did Lieutenant Colonel Ernest Edward 'Weary' Dunlop represent Australia in?

Rugby Union

14.  On which United States ship was the formal surrender by Japan conducted that brought the Second World War in the Pacific? 

USS Missouri

15.  What was the first conflict where Australians carried the F88 Austeyr?

Somalia 1993

16.  Who was commander of INTERFET, the international peacekeeing force in East Timor from 1999 to 2000?

Major General Peter Cosgrove

17.  Who was the first Regimental Sergeant Major of the Australian Army?

Warrant Officer Class One Wally Thompson

18.  What company of which infantry battalion fought at the Battle of Long Tan?

Delta Company, 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

19.  While it is not confirmed, who is reported to be the first Australian ashore at Gallipoli?

Lieutenant Duncan Chapman, 9th Battalion

20.  What date was the Unknown Australian Soldier interred in the Hall of Memory?

11 November 1993



The Cove

The home of the Australian Profession of Arms.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Australian Army, the Department of Defence or the Australian Government.

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