Military History

This Week in History | Week 10

By The Cove March 2, 2020

02-08 March


03 March 1885 | NSW contingent to Sudan sailed from Sydney

The New South Wales Contingent consisted of an infantry battalion of 522 men and 24 officers, an artillery battery of 212 men, a small field ambulance detachment and 200 horses. Led by Colonel John Soame Richardson, the contingent sailed from Sydney on 3 March 1885 aboard the ships Iberia and Australasian. A large crowd of more than 200,000 people saw them off, while the dispatch of the contingent was portrayed in a number of contemporary newspapers as the "coming of age" of the Australian colonies.


03 March 1942 | Broome and Wyndham bombed

The Japanese air raid on Broome, Western Australia came when the port was crowded with refugees fleeing the Japanese invasion of the Netherlands East Indies. About 70 people, including many civilians, are thought to have been killed in the raid. Japanese attacks on Wyndham focused on the town's aerodrome and destroyed a De Havilland DH-84 Dragon transport aircraft of 34 SQN RAAF.


06 March 1976 | Unit Birthday - 48 Fd Bty

The 48th Field Battery was formed at Tel el Kebir, Egypt, on 6 March 1916 as part of the expansion of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) that took place following the end of the Gallipoli campaign during the First World War. Assigned to the 12th Field Artillery Brigade of the 4th Division, the battery was transferred to Europe where it saw action in France with the 24th Field Artillery Brigade, employing the Ordnance QF 18 pounder. The battery saw action on the Western Front between June 1916 and January 1917, after which it was disbanded. In 1921, the battery was re-raised as a part-time field artillery unit in South Australia.


07 March 1951 | Battle of Maehwa-san, Korea 3 RAR

The Battle of Maehwa-San was a battle fought between 7–12 March 1951 for control of the hills and area around Maehwa mountain between Hoengseong County and Wonju during the Korean War. The 27th British Commonwealth Brigade was tasked with eliminating the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) and North Korean People's Army (KPA) forces occupying the area. The mountain was strategically valuable for the allied IX Corps operations in the offensive known as Operation Ripper and was 1,085 m (3,560 ft) high. Fighting alongside the 6th ROK Division, the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade - led by Brigadier Basil Aubrey Coad - consisted of the 1st Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (1st Argylls), the 1st Battalion, Middlesex Regiment (1st Middlesex), the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (2nd PPCLI) and the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR). On 7 March 1951, after securing Hill 614, 3 RAR encountered heavy fighting for a ridgeline objective known as Woodbine.



The Cove

The home of the Australian Profession of Arms.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Australian Army, the Department of Defence or the Australian Government.


I find it disappointing that no mention has been made of the loss of HMAS Yarra on 04 March 1942 in the segment THIS WEEK IN HISTORY 02-08 MARCH. Can this be addressed please ?

G'day Chris, Thanks for taking the time to comment. Apologies for not including the loss of HMAS Yarra. The Cove is a site focused on improving the intellectual component of fighting power of the land force. As such, we focus mainly on The Australian Army, including during the Week in History section (although actions such as the bombing of Broome also are included as they affected mainland Australia). There is an excellent page on our friend and partner's site, The Seapower Centre, commemorating the service of HMAS Yarra and the sacrifice of her crew that fateful morning. It can be found at

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