Collective PME

JNCO QME: Edition 3 - Ethical Decision Making

By The Cove April 20, 2021

In this edition we look at the movie Gallipoli and in particular the final scene where Archy Hamilton along with his mates are awaiting the order to go over the trenches. Previously the men had been ordered over the trenches in a wall in waves, only to be repeatedly mowed down and killed, every last one of them, by entrenched enemy machine gun positions. While they know it is certain death, they still do as ordered.

The clip below (best viewed off DPN) depicts the scene from the movie.  Allow 5-7 minutes for soldiers to view the clip and then you can either use the questions below to create a discussion or come up with your own questions.



Discussion Points

  1. Given all the circumstances and even though death is all but a certainty, how would you muster the courage to go over the parapet?
  2. Should have the Australian Officer in Charge have ordered the men to attack?
  3. What does this film tell you about the importance of soldiers doing what they say they will do?
  4. Why is the Gallipoli campaign so meaningful for Australia now?


Reflection is an important element of learning. It allows us to consider theories or events, and understand how they might apply to us. One way to conduct reflection is using the 'what, so what, now what' process. In this instance, this process could be used like this:

  • WHAT did I learn from considering this scenario?
  • SO WHAT am I going to do about what I’ve learned?
  • NOW WHAT does that learning mean for my own practice as a military professional?

Concluding Comments

The information in this package is designed to help junior commanders to develop and deliver PME in the unit environment. If you have suggestions for improvements - additional readings or reference material, alternative discussion points, new delivery methods - or if you just want to provide feedback, please contact The Cove Team via soldiercove [at]



The Cove

The home of the Australian Profession of Arms.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Australian Army, the Department of Defence or the Australian Government.

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