In this article, The Operational Level of War and the Operational Art, via Defence-In-Depth, Kings College London, two historians Dr Huw Davies and Dr Robert Foley, who have interests in different periods of military history, outline the relevance of the operational art and operational level of war concept to the Napoleonic Wars, the First World War, and the Second World War. Specifically, they examine:

  • The operational level during the Napoleonic Wars
  • The operational level of war and German military thought, 1866-1918
  • Operational art and Russian/Soviet military thought, 1918-1945
  • The operational level in the age of mass armies

Examining concepts through the lens of historical examples and contexts aids in deepening your understanding of the topic. Have a read of the article and see if you can offer any more examples which may assist others in their learning.