My Experience as a Petroleum Operator on Ex TALISMAN SABRE 17

By Cameron Greaves August 3, 2020

During the conduct of Exercise Talisman Sabre 17 (Ex TS17) the Composite Force Support Battalion provided petroleum operators (Pet Ops) to the Williamson Airfield Refuelling Point Aviation (RPA). Whilst deployed, the section of operators conducted rotary wing refuelling operations by day and night of Australian, United States (US), New Zealand (NZ) and civilian air assets including; ARH Tiger, UH-60 Blackhawk, MV-22 Osprey, CH-47 Chinook, Navy Bell 429, MRH-90 and a civilian search and rescue.

It was beneficial for members to have the opportunity to integrate with American refuelers from 2nd Battalion, 25th Aviation Regiment and also to have an insight into the equipment they use on operations world wide. As petroleum operators in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) there are little to no opportunities to deploy within our job role, therefore, the ability to learn from US assets provided on Ex TS17 was invaluable. The opportunity to refuel US and NZ airframes are infrequent and after exercising with coalition partners to refuel them, some key observations were made.


We as qualified petroleum operators must adhere to refuelling standards that are strictly enforced by both civilian and military aviation authorities. The standardisation of petroleum equipment throughout the industry definitely helped as the US and NZ airframes utilise the same connections as ADF assets. This assisted in the quick, safe and efficient refuelling operations conducted during the exercise. Our operators were able to refuel the non-ADF airframes without undergoing an excessive amount of training. It was refreshing for us and provided evidence that with a commander’s risk assessment and well constructed soldiers five from the loadmasters and authorised refuelers, a supervised refuel could be conducted. This sparked the debate whether the ADF currently has too many restrictions for ECN 269 refuelers on airframes? Let us look at the MRH-90 as an example: Army petroleum operators (ECN 269) cannot refuel Royal Australian Navy MRH-90 unless they hold the naval MRH-90 authorisation. Is this evidence that the ADF holds itself back with excessive governance or risk thresholds held at too high a level?

Accounting processes

During the exercise there were various issues with accounting processes for the fuel with so many receipts and issues. This highlights the requirement for equipment modernisation within the petroleum trade. The acquisition of gauges and meters would help solve this problem and save money for Defence by reducing the amount of unaccounted stock. The current accounting process, particularly for hot refuels is too inaccurate as it requires conversions of fuel holdings from volume to mass and does not include the burn rate whilst refuelling.

Hose fittings

Another recommendation that would enhance ADF capability and environmental safety is to increase the use of dry break fittings in place of quick acting fittings. The use of dry break fittings within an RPA is normally reserved for the nozzle end of a hose to enable the fast disconnection and replacement or reconfiguration of a nozzle for different airframes. As quick acting fittings can not regulate the flow of fuel, changing a damaged or faulty hose currently requires the fuel lines to be decommissioned. This has a negative impact on capability as the RPA is offline until the changeover is complete. Using dry fittings, the US were able to change out hoses quickly and with minimal risk to the environment from spillage, even if they contained fuel. This dry break system could be used throughout the Pet Ops trade, not just for RPAs but for other capabilities as well.


The exercise was a great experience and all members involved enjoyed their time operating alongside coalition nations. Working with the US again in the future is something we look forward to, not just on TS but whenever an opportunity arises. Having the chance to build inter-service relationships and share ideas and equipment configurations is important and something that petroleum operators should be offered more often. It is a great way to generate positive discussion with the platoons and places the trade in the best position to enable change that will benefit Army capability in the future.



Cameron Greaves

Cameron Greaves is currently posted to the 9th Petroleum Platoon, Marine Section. He participated in Ex TALISMAN SABRE as part of the Refuelling Point Aviation section within the Composite Force Support Battalion.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Australian Army, the Department of Defence or the Australian Government.


Well done CPL Greaves for the outstanding article, ensure that you follow up with your points raised IOT ensure the future development of the trade. RSM 9 CFSB

Great article CPL Greaves. Well done mate. Hopefully the RSM 9CFSB can help you follow up your points IOT ensure the future development of the trade, and assist you to gain traction where it is needed. Hopefully it isn't left to a CPL to push the issue. Regards, M. Lewington.

Well done Cameron on an excellent article. The issues that you highlighted are the same Petroleum Operators encountered in the 70s and 80s. The application of open nozzle/dry break adaptability is not difficult to apply. Connectors/connections suitable for various Defence Forces are available, however, the cost was always to the fore. In relation to fuel accounting, one would have thought that electronic accounting methods would be used in this day and age. Fuel evaporation and spillage will always be an issue; the nature of the beast. Remember. One flash and you're ash. Brian Currell (Ex WO1 PET OP)(Badge Number 007)

Hi Brian Currell, By chance I came across this army Petroleum web page and your name came up. I served with 9 Pet from 1970 -1973 with Jimmy baker, Dennis Loxton, John Souter and many more, by any chance would you know where any of the old team are and would you have their contact details would be great to catch up after all these years. Please email me I currently live on the Gold Coast. Cheers Peter Vybiral (Ex Pet OP, Badge Number H11)

Cameron, well done on the article! As Brian mentioned, the requirements to modernise from QA to dry-break have been discussed for decades. Brian mentioned the 70s and 80s and I can attest to the 90s and 2000s! Pet Ops have struggled to have your mentioned improvements implemented; and it is clear aviation corp receive the better deal by far. Accounting has always been an issue, especially when dealing with bulk and various commodities. Again, meters were discussed in the past, but nothing was achieved, as costings were too much? I sincerely hope RSM 9 CFSB does make some noise! Marc Newton (EX WO2 WOPET) BADGE NUMBER 244

Mate, I'll just echo the comments of Brian and Marc. Keep pushing, you never know? Darren Rudling 9 Pet / 3 BASB / ALT 1988-2002

Add new comment

Cove App


Fast access to The Cove anywhere, anytime. Additional feature of receiving notifications for new content.

Reflective Journal


Record your reflections in a structured way to improve your performance.