Series 1 – Body

The first series of Body, Mind & Soul is Body. Over seven episodes, this series will explore topics relating to specific injury conditions most common in Army. Each episode will focus on a different injury or condition. Series 1 – Body will cover:

  • Episode 1: Injury Prevention
  • Episode 2: Patellofemoral Pain
  • Episode 3: Lower Back Pain
  • Episode 4: Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
  • Episode 5: Chronic Pain
  • Episode 6: Osteoarthritis
  • Episode 7: Exercise and Pregnancy


Series 1 – Body is presented by Major Karmen Bourke. At the time of publishing MAJ Bourke is the Officer in Charge of the Soldier Recovery Centre in Darwin. In this role, MAJ Bourke is responsible for the coordination and delivery of programs that support wounded, injured and ill soldiers of the 1st Brigade region in either returning to work or medically transitioning out of Defence. MAJ Bourke is an APA and Sports Physiotherapist who holds a Master's of Clinical Sports Physiotherapy. 

MAJ Bourke is supported by Lieutenant Joanne Stannard, a Physiotherapist posted to Adelaide. Prior to commissioning, Lieutenant Stannard worked for 10 years in various Defence Health Centres across Western Australia and the Northern Territory. LT Stannard holds a Master's in Sports Physiotherapy and is currently a PhD candidate at Edith Cowan University. Her research is investigating injury patterns in specific army combat populations to help inform injury prevention recommendations and she is a published author in this area.


Episode 1 – Injury Prevention

In this episode Major Bourke looks at injury prevention in Army. She will look at injury statistics and how most injuries occur including preventative measures to reduce the risk if injury and what actions should be taken when an injuries occurs.

Click here to view the AFL Footy First publication.

Click here to view the AFLW Prep to Play publication.

Click here to view the FIFA The 11 Prevention Program publication.


Episode 2 – Patellofemoral Pain

Patellofemoral pain is pain around or behind the kneecap, aggravated by at least one activity that loads the patellofemoral joint during weight bearing on a flexed knee, such as squatting. Patellofemoral pain occurs from vigorous physical activity that puts repeated stress on the patellofemoral joint, or knee. In this episode Major Bourke looks at causes, signs and symptoms, rehabilitation and long-term effects of patellofemoral pain.

Episode 3 – Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is the third most common presentation to GPs in Australia and is defined as pain between the 12th rib and buttock crease, with or without leg pain. In this episode Major Bourke looks at causes, signs and symptoms, rehabilitation / treatment and long-term effects of lower back pain.

Episode 4 – Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS) is exercise-induced shin pain, also known as shin splints. More technically, MTSS is a bone stress injury resulting from the inadequate adaption of the bone remodeling process to repetitive stress. MTSS is one of the most common injuries affecting personnel in the military, with the literature reporting as high as 35% of personnel sustaining this injury. In this episode Major Bourke looks at causes, signs and symptoms, rehabilitation and long-term effects of MTSS.

Episode 5 – Chronic Pain

Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. Most of the time, pain works as a warning system to deliver a message to the brain about a threat indicating something needs to be done. Occasionally this function goes haywire and can create persistent pain. In this episode Major Bourke looks at causes of chronic pain, the link between chronic pain and mental health, how chronic pain can be treated and the long-term effects.

Episode 6  Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative condition impacting joint health, including bone and cartilage. Unfortunately, military personnel are at greater risk of developing OA than the general population, likely due to the physical demands associated with military service. In this episode Major Bourke looks at risk factors that may contribute to developing OA, common signs and symptoms, the diagnosis and treatment / management.

Click here to view the the Arthritis Australia 10 steps to living with arthritis.


Episode 7  Exercise and Pregnancy

In this episode MAJ Bourke looks at the benefits of exercise while pregnant along with some guidelines, the types of exercise, and in particular what to avoid and what the warning signs are to stop exercising.